daccess-ods.un.org. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Même les actes les plus audacieux dans le cadre de la réforme, comme le CSP (Code du statut personnel), ont été accompagnés de justifications à partir d’une interprétation libérale de la loi religieuse. Présentation du Code du Statut Personnel en Tunisie, 60 ans après. The Code was promulgated by Decree of 13 August 1956, which was published in the Journal Officiel de la République Tunisienne No. 81-7 of February 18, 1981 entrusting to the widow mother the upbringing of minor children and favouring women in divorce cases. CSP – Code du statut personnel tunisien. The Code of Personal Status (CPS) (Arabic: مجلة الأحوال الشخصية) is a series of progressive Tunisian laws aiming at the institution of equality between women and men in a number of areas. Loi de Promulgation Sommaire Table chronologique: Copyright xilyx press© 2020 xilyx press© 2020 Chapitre III - De la dot. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Code_of_Personal_Status_in_Tunisia&oldid=964899798, Articles needing additional references from May 2008, All articles needing additional references, Featured articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with empty sections from June 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 1980, Tunisia's level of demographic growth was among the lowest in the Southern countries and is found to be the lowest of the Arab world. (Ces articles ont été abrogés par l’article 5 de la loi n° 57-40 du 27 septembre 1957) Article 6 promulgation du Code du Statut Personnel. In 1976, at the UNFT's sixth congress, he openly declared that: "It is not necessary that woman exercise remunerative activities outside her home. Bourguiba later addressed them in a speech: "As you, I am Muslim. Later, a second series of provisions reinforced the protection of women in regard to men in repressing spousal violence more rigorously and in instituting alimony payments and in enforcing this from divorced husbands seeking to shirk this responsibility. This Code is one of the best known deeds of Habib Bourguiba, who was Prime Minister and later President. Mes pensées. Bourguiba referred to a sura of the Koran to justify this measure: "We have abided by the spirit of the Holy Book... which indicates monogamy. This sura states that: "It is permitted to marry two, three or four among the women who please you, but if you fear not being just towards them, then only one, or some slaves that you possess. In 1930, Tahar Haddad, himself influenced by the reformist current begun in the Nineteenth Century by Kheirredine Pasha, Ibn Ahmad ibn Abi Diyaf, Muhammad Snoussi, Salem Bouhageb, Mohamed Bayram V and other thinkers who all defended the concept of modernism, published "Our Women in Sharia and Society." 93-74 of July 12, 1993 modified the Code giving wives the right to transfer her patrimony and nationality to children to the same extent as husbands, even if she was married to a foreigner, on the sole condition that the father has given his approval. startxref (J. O. R. T. n°104 du 28 décembre 1956) 0000328161 00000 n Ce code a fait l’objet depuis 1958, de nombreuses réformes. 0000329547 00000 n Although all feminist projects seeking clear recognition of the two sexes were not carried to term, reforms inclined towards a sharing of authority between the two spouses instead of the exclusive authority of the father. Finally, another prescription annulled the privilege of paternal grandparents to receive support payments for children. 0000330105 00000 n Les dispositions du présent chapitre seront applicables, nonobstant les exceptions prévues aux autres chapitres du présent code. 0000004186 00000 n Les empêchements permanents sont ceux relatifs à la parenté (de sang, par alliance ou lié à l’allaitement) des futurs époux … In this context, on the eve of independence there did not really exist a political movement strictly based on the demand for the rights of women. This to the end of not committing injustice." In 1897 Shayk Muhammad Snoussi published "The Flower's Blooming or a Study of Woman in Islam" in which he advocated the education of girls. 0000331143 00000 n Loi n° 59-77 du 19 juin 1959. Polygamy, although rather marginal in the period, is likewise forbidden, even if the second union is not "formal:" "Whosoever being engaged in the bonds of matrimony shall contract another before the dissolution of the preceding shall be liable to a year's imprisonment and to a fine." Imams delivering speeches opposing the Code and shayks signing petitions or articles criticizing it were arrested. Ben Ali later granted a presidential pardon to Rached Ghannouchi, freed on May 14, 1988. How abase ourselves to this functioning of an intelligent animal?". Fifteen years later, Abdelaziz Thaalbi, Cesar Ben Attar and Haydi Sabai published "The Koran's Liberal Spirit" which urges the education of girls and the removal of the veil. This reasoning was approved on November 5, 1973 by a circular of the minister of justice who to, "stay away from the negative sides of the West," prohibited marriages between Muslims and non Muslims and who judged void marriages in which the non Muslim husband had not converted to Islam and where a certificate of conversion was not provided. Despite several efforts, Bourguiba could not impose the equality of the two sexes in this area, due to the enormous strength of the resistance from the religious leaders. 0000325661 00000 n On the morrow, March 19, Ben Ali, during a televised address, publicly asserted his support for the Code. il y a 2 ans | 3 vues. The suppression of free expression and of political opposition tarnishes the country's reputation abroad. L’union qui n’est pas conclue conformément à l’article 31 ci-dessus est nulle. The Code, to the contrary, instituted a divorce procedure that "could not take place except before a court" which decided "the dissolution of the marriage." 0000327818 00000 n "We reaffirm here our support for these achievements and our determination to protect them and to enhance them.". 517 0 obj <> endobj xref It is also stated that: "material harm would be recompensed (to the woman) in the form of a monthly alimony payment... to the level of life to which she was accustomed during married life, here including residence". Today, donations from living parents to daughters are considered a way to avoid the legal inequality of daughters to inherit. In 1959, Safia Farhat and Bouzid co-founded the magazine Faiza, which, although it ceased publication in December 1969, remained famous in the Maghrib and more generally in Africa, as the first Arab-African feminine francophone magazine. Furthermore, women acquired the right to represent their children in several judicial procedures, to open and to manage a savings account for their benefit. On February 9, 1994, "Tunisian Women's Day" was organized by the French senate under the title "Tunisia, an Assumed Modernity." On the occasion of the promulgation of the Code, she wrote, on September 3, 1956 in a special double page of the 56th issue an article titled "Tunisian Women are Adults" with an editorial recalling the collaboration in its production of the two shayks Muhammad Abdu'l Aziz Jait and Muhammad Fadl Ben Achour. they were almost all dismissed or forced to retire. In the years following independence, women obtained the right to work, to move, to open bank accounts and to establish businesses without the permission of their husbands being sought. In August 1994, during a seminar devoted to women and the family, ATFD denounced the ambiguity of power and the use of religion to regulate the condition of women in the country, criticizing chiefly "the patriarchal oppression of women. Nevertheless, we are forced to testify that Bourguiba's Tunisia could no more be called secular than Ben Ali's or the rest of the Arab Muslim states, for more than a neutrality of orientation and the religious freedom of the state, secularism implies the autonomy of public and religious institutions. Since 1956, all responsible authorities, notably the Minister of Justice, Ahmad Mestiri and the different directors of UNFT, recalled on many occasions that the Code and successive laws were not opposed to Islam, but registered in the context of a reform of society "inside Islam." Tunisie, RÉVISION DU CODE DU STATUT PERSONNEL. Declaring that he was "convinced of the aptitude of women to assume the highest duties in the heart of the state and society," he announced the creation of a state secretariat charged with women and the family and the nomination of a number of superior women to cabinet. Le Code du statut personnel ouvert et moderne qui existe en Tunisie depuis plus de quarante ans, est lié à une prise de conscience du rapport entre I'homme et la femme qui désormais marque, en profondeur, la société tunisienne. 551 0 obj<>stream 0000327602 00000 n July 1, 1965 saw a law allowing abortion as much for social as for therapeutic reasons. The Code, nevertheless, has known many difficulties arising from Tunisian society. 14 et s du CSPT). However, concerning my duties and responsibilities, I am qualified to interpret religious law.". It was promulgated by beylical decree on August 13, 1956 and came into effect on January 1, 1957. By her work a woman or a girl assures her existence and becomes conscious of her dignity.". 0000005544 00000 n Cette matière devint autonome avec la promulgation du code du statut personnel tunisien (CSP) et de la Moudawwana marocaine. Les droits réels qui en résultent pour les immeubles immatriculés ne se constituent que par leur inscription sur le livre foncier. En vue de l’instauration de l’égalité entre hommes et femmes, le code du statut personnel (CSP) a été promulgué le 13 août 1956, cinq mois après l’indépendance de la Tunisie, constituant ainsi un acte avant-gardiste et émancipateur des femmes de la république Tunisienne. He recognized on this occasion that the equality of the sexes did not yet fully exist and foresaw future improvements. The feminine condition is an area in which Tunisia under Bourguiba, as under Ben Ali, can claim its distinctiveness. Article 204 Note Modifié par la Loi n° 92-48 du 4 mai 1992.. Pour être valable, toute donation doit être passée par acte authentique. Politique, L'égalité successorale soumise au Parlement La première chaîne mondiale d'information pour l'Afrique. At the same time, power desired the destabilization of the Marxist left and encouraged the founding of the Association for the Preservation of the Koran in January 1968 which contributed to the birth of the Islamist party Ennahda. Le texte du code est paru dans les JORT n°s n° 20 des 3 et 6 mai 1966, 21 des 10 et ... - décret du 11 août 1937 portant statut des journalistes professionnels, - décret du 28 juillet 1938, rendant applicables à la Tunisie, les ... des droits du personnel salarié en cas de cession ou de transformation Transfert vers Statut des femmes en Tunisie. 14 et s du CSPT). In practise, on September 14, 1965, Tunisia ratified the International Labour Organization's Convention number 111 concerning discrimination in the matter of employment and profession. 72 Invités, 0 Membres Statistiques courantes : Total des membres: 4 107 Total des messages: 18 966 Total des sujets: 5 729 Total des catégories: 22 Total des sections: 55 Furthermore, each of the measures taken in drawing up the Code was accompanied by justification provided from a liberal interpretation of Muslim law. 517 35 The 1980s are characterized in the same line through an immobility in terms of feminist reforms, with the exception of some advances not negotiable at the beginning of the decade: law no. 54/��c"8y.����m8�=�D(P�Nm�BWPQ��X��ЏY_�l�A �Y�W�+37,H/��Ԩ� �Y��u�Be0vJ�-j$��3�� $Y ��. 0000004800 00000 n Their members were integrated into the body of common law magistrates. In Tunisia, the pursuit of political feminism is so very necessary as it constitutes a main argument in the country's favourable image in the West. However, in perusing "the ways and means of permitting the promotion and strengthening the achievements of women without altering our Arab Muslim identity," Ben Ali on August 13, 1993, fixed the limits he considered impassable: The Tunisian minister in charge of women and the family on February 9, 1994, affirmed for her part in the French senate and taking some liberties with history: "When Bourguiba promulgated the Code, he did so in the name of Sharia and Islam.". Alerte Google : "code du statut personnel" Showing 1-31 of 31 messages. Soumettre une succession. Décret du 13 août 1956 (6 moharem 1376) portant promulgation du Code du Statut Personnel (J.O.T n° 104 du 28 Décembre 1956) Nature texte : Loi de promulgation . From this point of view, the Code was not promulgated under any feminist pressure, that, when it existed, was usually directed to other ideals. The reference to Islam, become almost ritual, even if there was also added the memory of the ancient Carthaginian past of the country in insisting on its cultural diversity, becomes more subdued by referring to speeches given between 1987 and 1989. returning to this speech, three major ideas dominate: praise of achieved and irreversible modernity, recognition of known societal advances, such as the passing of the extended family for the nuclear family, and the necessity to put into practice the advances in legal texts. It is necessary to know that Bourguiba always worshipped his mother, who died prematurely, according to the chief of state, in 1913. Le Code du statut personnel tunisien ( CSP ) nécessite-t-il un amendement, 60 ans après sa promulgation, à la lumière de la Constitution de 2014?
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|2019 – Année nouvelle|
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